Yekaterinburg (from 1924 to 1991 — Sverdlovsk) — is the fourth most populous city in Russia (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk), the biggest administrative, cultural, scientific and educational center of the Ural region.
Yekaterinburg is the creation city after reforms made by Peter I. The growth of power and military, the extension of foreign relations, the development of internal market force in the Russian state – all these factors caused the growing of metal demand and gave an impulse to creating a huge iron and steel base in the Urals with its rich resources.
In the Soviet period active building and development of Sverdlovsk took place, new districts such as Uralmash appeared. At present time there are many buildings belonging to constructivism architecture in Yekaterinburg. It is one of the biggest collection in the world.
Yekaterinburg has more than 600 historic and cultural monuments, 43 of them are the objects of federal significance.
The Square of the year 1905 — is «the main» square of the city in the heart of Yekaterinburg. The citizens usually call it «the square of the fifth year».
Its modern look appeared in 1930, after the demolition of Epiphany cathedral which was situated there, as the common area of two earlier existing squares: Cathedral square and Main Trade square. Such streets as Weiner Street, Uritsky Street, 8th of March Street, Bank and Volodarsky Lanes lead to the square. In the east and west the square is restricted by Lenin's Prospect.